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Defect Detection Percentage (DDP): the number of defects found by a test phase, divided by the number found by that test phase and any other means afterwards. simulator: A device, computer program or system used during testing, which behaves or operates like a given system when provided with a set of controlled inputs. emulator: A device, computer program, or system that accepts the same inputs and produces the same outputs as a given system. [After TMap], The degree to which a requirement is stated in terms that permit establishment of test designs (and subsequently test cases) and execution of tests to determine whether the requirements have been met. exercised: A program element is said to be exercised by a test case when the input value causes the execution of that element, such as a statement, decision, or other structural element. stability: The capability of the software product to avoid unexpected effects from modifications in the software. by passing an exam. The capability of the software product to re-establish a specified level of performance and recover the data directly affected in case of failure. [ISO 9000]. All the software testing terms are included in this glossary. [After Fenton]. Beta testing is often employed as a form of external acceptance testing in order to acquired feedback from the market. error guessing: A test design technique where the experience of the tester is used to anticipate what defects might be present in the component or system under test as a result of errors made, and to design tests specifically to expose them. When using the verb set up, spell with two words. test plan, test design specification, test case specification and test procedure specification). Software. [After IEEE 610], accessibility testing: Testing to determine the ease by which users with disabilities can use a component or system. Test charters are amongst other used in exploratory testing. A test case that cannot be executed because the preconditions for its execution are not fulfilled. In some (but not all) versions of this life cycle model, each subproject follows a ‘mini V-model’ with its own design, coding and testing phases. Die Software kann Aktivierungstechnologie enthalten, die es Ihnen ermöglicht, PDF-Dokumente durch die Tested components are then used to test lower level components. management review: A systematic evaluation of software acquisition, supply, development, operation, or maintenance process, performed by or on behalf of management that monitors progress, determines the status of plans and schedules, confirms requirements and heir system allocation, or evaluates the effectiveness of management approaches to achieve fitness for purpose. you agree to be bound by the terms of this agreement. 100% condition coverage requires each single condition in every decision statement to be tested as True and False. [ISO 9126]. component integration testing: Testing performed to expose defects in the interfaces and interaction between integrated components. Testing where the system is subjected to large volumes of data. An input value or output value which is on the edge of an equivalence partition or at the smallest incremental distance on either side of an edge, for example the minimum or maximum value of a range. The capability of the software product to be adapted for different specified environments without applying actions or means other than those provided for this purpose for the software considered. maturity: (1) The capability of an organization with respect to the effectiveness and efficiency of its processes and work practices. multiple condition coverage: The percentage of combinations of all single condition outcomes within one statement that have been exercised by a test suite. United India Insurance … [IEEE 610], The degree of uniformity, standardization, and freedom from contradiction among the documents or parts of a component or system. (A) Schlüssel. co-existence: The capability of the software product to co-exist with other independent software in a common environment sharing common resources. [After IEEE 1044], An occurrence in which one defect prevents the detection of another. During execution, response time measurements are taken from selected transactions and these are logged. See also N-switch testing. A human action that produces an incorrect result. [Hetzel], technical review: A peer group discussion activity that focuses on achieving consensus on the technical approach to be taken. It involves recording incidents, classifying them and identifying the impact. A review not based on a formal (documented) procedure. a calling graph and a subroutine). Certification. [ISO 9126] See also reliability. branch: A basic block that can be selected for execution based on a program construct in which one of two or more alternative program paths are available, e.g. Start up disk - the disk containing system software and is designated to be used to start the computer. Capability Maturity Model (CMM): A five level staged framework that describes the key elements of an effective software process. General Software License Terms (“Terms”) Version 4.1 last updated February 19, 2019 By installing, copying, or otherwise using the Software, you agree to be bound by the terms of these Terms. [Musa], operational testing: Testing conducted to evaluate a component or system in its operational environment. [ISO 9126]. Measurement of achieved coverage to a specified coverage item during test execution referring to predetermined criteria to determine whether additional testing is required and if so, which test cases are needed. statement coverage, decision coverage or condition coverage. [ISO 9126], usability testing: Testing to determine the extent to which the software product is understood, easy to learn, easy to operate and attractive to the users under specified conditions. The process of testing to determine the resource-utilization of a software product. The testing activities that must be repeated when testing is re-started after a suspension. priority, knowledge responsible) and annotation, and facilitates traceability through layers of requirements and requirements change management. A document that consists of a test design specification, test case specification and/or test procedure specification. functionality: The capability of the software product to provide functions which meet stated and implied needs when the software is used under specified conditions. A black box test design technique in which test cases are designed to execute user scenarios. An item or event of a component or system that could be verified by one or more test cases, e.g. elementary comparison testing: A black box test design techniques in which test cases are designed to execute combinations of inputs using the concept of condition determination coverage. This facilitates defect analysis and allows a process audit to be carried out. debugging: The process of finding, analyzing and removing the causes of failures in software. The individual element to be tested. frozen test basis: A test basis document that can only be amended by a formal change control process. requirements or code, carried out without execution of these software artifacts. functional integration: An integration approach that combines the components or systems for the purpose of getting a basic functionality working early. Go through the Hitachi Vantara Software License Terms which are applied to the Hitachi Vantara products purchased by you. [IEEE 1028], audit trail: A path by which the original input to a process (e.g. The purpose of exit criteria is to prevent a task from being considered completed when there are still outstanding parts of the task which have not been finished. 100% LCSAJ coverage implies 100% decision coverage. [ISO 14598]. [IEEE 610] See also errortolerance, fault-tolerance. memory leak: A defect in a program’s dynamic store allocation logic that causes it to fail to reclaim memory after it has finished using it, eventually causing the program to fail due to lack of memory. maintenance testing: Testing the changes to an operational system or the impact of a changed environment to an operational system. The organizational artifacts needed to perform testing, consisting of test environments, test tools, office environment and procedures. [IEEE 610], Testing in which two or more variants of a component or system are executed with the same inputs, the outputs compared, and analyzed in cases of discrepancies. 1. In principle test cases are designed to cover each partition at least once. condition coverage implies 100% condition determination coverage. software quality: The totality of functionality and features of a software product that bear on its ability to satisfy stated or implied needs. An abstract representation of the sequence and possible changes of the state of data objects, where the state of an object is any of, creation, usage, or destruction. The report is addressed to those engaged in vaccine safety data collection and evaluation, and will also make a useful reading for others who want to familiarise themselves with vaccine safety terminology. path: A sequence of events, e.g. a function, transaction, quality attribute, or structural element. The person responsible for testing and evaluating a test object. [After IEEE 610]. A document summarizing testing activities and results. The use of software to perform or support test activities, e.g. maintainability: The ease with which a software product can be modified to correct defects, modified to meet new requirements, modified to make future maintenance easier, or adapted to a changed environment. If you feel that you know definition of any term better than mentioned here you can use this Contact form to send me the definitions. The process of assessing identified risks to estimate their impact and probability of occurrence (likelihood). random testing: A black box test design technique where test cases are selected, possibly using a pseudo-random generation algorithm, to match an operational profile. [TMap]. For example, if you want to write a book, you will need a ‘word-processing’ program – a program that allows your computer to be used like a … [After TMap], A set of input values, execution preconditions, expected results and execution postconditions, developed for a particular objective or test condition, such as to exercise a particular program path or to verify compliance with a specific requirement. adaptability: The capability of the software product to be adapted for different specified environments without applying actions or means other than those provided for this purpose for the software considered. A five level staged framework that describes the key elements of an effective software process. [Gerrard]. [Freedman and W. Documented procedure to derive and select test cases based on an analysis of the internal structure of a component or system. [After IEEE 610]. [ISO 9000]. See also test condition. The first executable statement within a component. See also integration testing. condition coverage: The percentage of condition outcomes that have been exercised by a test suite. The method used to perform the actual test execution, A type of test tool that is able to execute other software using an automated test script, e.g. [IEEE 610]. [ISO 9126]. A form of static analysis based on the definition and usage of variables. complexity: The degree to which a component or system has a design and/or internal structure that is difficult to understand, maintain and verify. This may be a manual guide, step-by-step procedure, installation wizard, or any other similar process description. It provides one central location to store and manage terminology. entry point: The first executable statement within a component. Load generation can simulate either multiple users or high volumes of input data. Single condition outcomes a grid showing the resulting transitions for each state combined with each possible event, showing valid... 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